Tourism Organisation of Tivat

HISTORY

History

There are three different hypotheses about the origin of the name of Tivat. According to the first one, the word Tivat is derived from the name of the Illyrian queen Teuta whose royal capital was in Risan and she probably had a summer residence in the area of present day Tivat. According to the second one, it can be derived from the names of Christian saints such as Theodorus, Theodosius, Theodotus, Thaddeus, or medieval (the 12th century ) Theudo, Teodo. The third hypothesis is very short and with no further explanation. The name is derived from the Celtic word “touto” which means town.

The history of the Bay of Boka can be divided into four main periods: Illyrian , Roman- Byzantine, Serbian and Austrian. On the coast of the Bay of Tivat there are archeological remains from all of these periods as well as existing monuments of ancient architecture and written historical documents.

From the Illyrian period that ended in 168-7 BC with the fall of Illyrian kingdom there are very few archeological remains. There are more remains from Roman times. In the old literature one can find the hypothesis that in the area of Boboviste (present day Kalardovo) there was an old town. Some thought that it can be the old Akruvijum (Acruvium). This hypothesis is present even today but it is not linked only to Boboviste but also to other localities in the immediate vicinity of Tivat or even further away.

The period of Serbian rule began in Kotor at the end of 1185.From that time until 1370 Kotor and its district was under the rule of Serbian medieval Nemanjic dynasty. In the 13th century St. Sava, the founder of Serbian Orthodox Church., made Prevlaka near Tivat the seat of the Bishop of Zeta. St Michael church was built where originally a Benedictine convent was.

In 1420 Venice conquered Kotor District as well as peninsula Lustica together with Prevlaka.

From the 15th century to the 18th century there were constant fights between Venice and Turks.

Very important date in the history of the Bay of Boka was the fall of Venice in 1797.For the next twenty years the Bay of Boka was under different rulers until 1814 when Austrians came and stayed until their fall in 1918.

Tivat as an urban settlement has began to develop since the end of the 19th century when a military port Arsenal was built.

Before that feudal lords of Prcanj, Perast, Dobrota and Kotor owned the land within the area of present day Tivat Municipality.

Today Tivat is a modern town oriented at the development of tourism as its priority.